Only Amelia knows the end of her story...


Profile:

Family Background, early life and influences
Amelia Mary Earhart, daughter of Samuel Stanton Earhart, also known as Edwin (March 28, 1867) and Amelia Otis Earhart, nicknamed Amy (1869 - 1962) was the second child born in the family as her mother gave birth to a still born in August 1896. Born in Atchison, in the home of her grandfather, Alfred Gideon Otis (1827 - 1912) who was a former federal judge. Alfred had not intially favoured the marriage of Edwin and Amy and was not happy with the progress Edwin had made as a lawyer. After Amelia, they had another daughter, Grace Murial Earhart, nicknamed Pidge (1899 - 1998). Amelia, nicknamed "Meeley" (sometimes Millie), was named after her two grandmothers, Amelia Josephine Harres and Mary Wells Patton.
The uprbinging of Amelia and Grace was different from most young girls as their mother Amy Earhart did not belive in forcing her children into 'nice little girls'. Meanwhile, Amelia's grandmother dissaproved of this upbrining and especially of the clothes worn by Amy's daughters. Amelia and Grace both liked the freedom that their clothes gave them however they were both aware that other girls did not wear the same. Amelia and Pidge spent most of their days as a child roaming the neighbourhood, exploring and going on adventures. They would climb trees, shoot rats with rifles and catch bugs like worms and moths. Even though other kids, the same age, would have the same adventurous nature's as the Earhart sisters, biographers always seem to emphasise this 'tomboy' character on Earhart and her sister.
Source's state that in 1904 Amelia and her uncle rigged up a homemade ramp connected to the roof of the family toolshed. Amelia's well-documented first flight didn't go down so well. She ended up with a bruise here and there, a torn dress and a rush of exhileration, exlaiming its was just like flying. Amelia knew flying was something she would have to do again.

Career/occupation and major noteworthy achievements
Amelia Earhart was a pioneering pilot. She spent the most of her career in the air and flying around the world. She was a 'pioneering' pilot because she changed and influenced the lifes of many other female pilots and was the start of something new. At the time, Earhart was known as one of the best female pilots in the United States. Since then more females have taken a career into aviation and have excelled in those areas, outdoing Amelia's memorable efforts. The beginning of Earharts career characterized her as an intelligent pilot however she was hardly a brilliant aviator. Through different events and circumstances, Amelia Earhart became more and more well known for her various achievements and her status as a pilot became more commendable. In 1927 Earhart had reached almost 500 hours of solo flying, which was a very respectable achievement.
As a pioneering pilot, Earhart had many records and achievements. The achievement that brought Amelia to her fame was the trip across the Atlantic. This was recognised by the world because she was the first female to ever do so. After this trip she then went on to fly across the Atlantic again, making her the first person ever to fly it twice and the first woman to fly it solo. She held many speed and altitude records and was the first person to fly an Autogyro across the U.S. She was the first woman to fly non-stop, coast-to-coast across the U.S and the first female to recieve the Distinguished Flying Cross. Earharts's big goal was to fly around the world. Unfortunatley on her last flight the plane dissappeared and no one knows what quite happened. She did not achieve her major goa,l however she made a big impact on the future for female pilots.

Death
The mystery of Amelia Earhart's death is surrounded with many unanswered questions and myths. No one really knows the true fate of what happened to Earhart on the day of her last flight (July 2nd 1937). After 2 years of searching and investigating she was officially declared dead in absentia at the age of 41 on January 5th 1939. Little evidence is found from when she dissappeared. Some people say it was the Burmuda Triangle, others say difficulty with the contol of the plane. Earhart was having trouble finding her way back to land and could not get a signal from the radio for help. Other than an occasional muffle in the radio, that was the last anyone ever heard of Amelia Earhart. From here on, the rest remains a complete mystery.


Legacy

During her lifetime, Amelia Earhart was known throughout the world as a celebrity. Her personality and appearance contributed greatly to her fame, with her

independent, risk-taking nature, courage and persistence, Amelia rose her way to fame. Her cutting edge look at the time also contributed to her popularity around the world. Apart from this, the mysterious disappearance of Earhart at her young age of 39 has made her name everlasting inthe history of today. Amelia Earhart is known around the world as a feminist icon because of her goal-orientated career and great achievements as awoman. Hundreds of books, articles and movies have been made about Amelia and her journeys as a pilot. A large majority of these are verymotivational, especially for young females. Amelia's great achievements in aviation have lead to an influential, chain-reaction of female pilots. She has inspired more than 1000 women pilots who are part of the Women's Airforce Service Pilots. The Ninenty-Nines, a group of international female pilots in which Amelia was the first president, maintain a museum named Amelia Earhart's Birthplace Museum in memory of her presence. Amelia's achievements as a female pioneering pilot where truly inspiring back then and now, her efforts as a pilot will never be forgotten.


Timeline of life and career

  • Born (1897)
  • Woman's world altitude record: 14,000 ft (1922)
  • First woman to fly the Atlantic (1928)
  • Speed records for 100 km (and with 500 lb (230 kg) cargo) (1931)
  • First woman to fly an autogyro (1931)
  • Altitude record for autogyros: 15,000 ft (1931)
  • First person to cross the U.S. in an autogyro (1932)
  • First woman to fly the Atlantic solo (1932)
  • First person to fly the Atlantic twice (1932)
  • First woman to receive the Distinguished Flying Cross (1932)
  • First woman to fly non-stop, coast-to-coast across the U.S. (1933)
  • Woman's speed transcontinental record (1933)
  • First person to fly solo between Honolulu, Hawaii and Oakland, California (1935)
  • First person to fly solo from Los Angeles, California to Mexico City, Mexico (1935)
  • First person to fly solo nonstop from Mexico City, Mexico to Newark, New Jersey (1935)
  • Speed record for east-to-west flight from Oakland, California to Honolulu, Hawaii (1937)
  • Dissappeared on flight to Howland Island (1937)
  • Declared dead in absentia (1939)


Map of Earharts Life

Map of U.S.A, Kansas. Amelia Earhart was born and grew up in Atchison
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Map showing Earharts trip around the world
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Sources

Source 1:
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Amelia Earhart in her early life, recieving a present.

Amelia Earhart as a young girl, grew up as an adventurous, mischievous child who was depicted as a 'tomboy' by many historians. This photo is a prime example of why historians may have depicted her a s a 'tomboy'. Her short hair and raggy shoes portray a strong sense of boyish behaviours and on top of this was her adventurous personality as a kid, and even now as well.
Source 2: "...decide...whether or not the goal is worth the risks involved. If it is, stop worrying...."
This is a quote from Amelia Earhart. It was said when Earhart was in her prime of her career as a pioneering pilot.
This source reveals a lot about Amelia Earhart's life and career. The source itself portrays a sense of adventure and braveness. This reflects well upon Amelia, as her personality was exactly that, risk taking, adventurous and extremeley brave. It was obviously something that Earhart lived by in her career of flying as some her trips she made around the world were very risky but according to Amelia, worth it. This quote outlines the adventurous, risk-taking personality of Amelia Earhart which impacted strongly on her legacy.

Source 3:
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Portrait of Amelia Earhart outside her plane.

This image depicts Amelia Earharts friendly face. The picture depicts to historians what Amelia looked like. Her short hair suggests that Amelia was a 'tomboy' with a passion for flying. Standing outside her plane looking happy, emphasises the fact of her love for flying planes. The portrait of Amelia illustrates to historians the face that many loved and admired, her short hair, making her different from any other woman makes her impact on history just that little bit stronger.

From all three sources we can gather a sense of what Aemlia Earhart was perceived as. The sources illustrate what Earharts life, career and legacy was like as a pilot and in particular a woman. The pictures depict her as a short-haired, raggy clothed and happy young woman with a love of flying as she stands outside her plane in one photo. The quote of Amelia Earhart, saying something along the lines of if it's risky but worth it, stop worrying and just do it, is a very suggestive primary source that shows her as a care-free, risk-taking woman . She lived in the moment and fullfilled her passion for flying, besides the risks involved, because the experiences she had flying where worth it, as pointed out in the quote. Apart from the 'tomboy' appearance and the risk-taking personality that everyone seemed to love, they also admired her loving, friendly nature, as seen in other sources.

Picture Gallery

"Earhart Lighthouse" on Howland Island.
"Earhart Lighthouse" on Howland Island.

Earhart in cockpit.
Earhart in cockpit.

Amelia Earhart greeting the mayor of Southhampton.
Amelia Earhart greeting the mayor of Southhampton.

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Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan.

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Amelia Earhart's Lockheed.



Recommended Reading List



If you are interested in finding out more about Amelia Earhart and her adventures as a female hero and rolemodel to many there is a wide range of sources you can find this. Throughout Earharts time, she has published books, memoirs, essays and articles all based upon her experiences as a pioneering pilot.
- 20 Hrs, 40 Min (1928) was a journal of her experciences as the first woman passenger ona transatlantic flight.
- The Fun of It (1932) was a memoir of her flying experiences and an essay on women in aviation.
- The Last Flight (1937) featured the periodic journal entries she sent back to the United States during her world flight attempt
Many films were also made about Earhart however they are not as historically accurate as novels.
- Amelia (2009) is a film of her experiences and trips around the world.
- Amelia Earhart: The Final Flight (1994) is a theatrical feature based one again on her lifetme and expreiences as an aviator.

Activities

Word Scrambler!
http://www.kidspot.com.au/SpellingGames/wordscrambler-preview-kidspot.asp


Amelia Earhart


Finish the word search and then fill in the hidden message!

S G C A A M E L I A E A R H A
R U N I T V W A S A F E M A L
E I O I T C I T O N T O M A N
Y Y O R K N R A U N G G I R R
L S S L U A A J T P G D S E F
O U D G H T T L Y O F I E N V
R W K R W F N K T T R N G M F
Q J A G L Y M E S A O Y K Z A
E E S Y Y A P F V I I Y T M C
W G I L M K O I P D R S E E A
W N Y O B M O T L N A L X V X
G J O N I C Y S G O I L W G E
D N O J Y X N S U A T W H X F
S C M G T Z J O B Q Y N L X J
I C K F X D O W T N V F N C S

ADVENTUROUS
AMELIA
ATLANTIC
AVIATOR
EARHART
FLYING
ICON
PILOT
PIONEER
RISKTAKING
TOMBOY
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True of False?

1. Amelia Earhart was the first female to succesfully fly around the world.
2. Amelia was considered a 'Tomboy'.
3. Amelia's nickname was 'Amy'.
4. Amelia never ended up completing her trip across the Atlantic.
5. The plane Amelia flew was found crashed on an island, along with her body.
6. Amelia has many speed an altitude records.
7. No one really liked Amelia because she was a female.
8. Amelia was very safe and cautious when it came to flying.
9. Amelia was born in Kansas.
10. Amelia had very short hair for a long period of her life.



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Created by Fran Looby