Hatshepsut- A True Female Pharaoh

Biographical Profile: Hateshepsut was the fifth ruler in the 18th Dynasty and the first ever female pharaoh. Her predecessor was her husband/stepbrother, Tuthmose II. SHe was the daughter of previous rulers Tuthose I and Ahmes. She had a brother; Anenemes who declined the throne and so she was then forced to marry Tuthamose II who then became the next Pharaoh. He later died which enabled her to rightfully take inherit the throne. Hatshepsut ruled for 15 years, women of this time had a lot of freedom and could be independent, they were allowed to own properties this liberty most other ancient cultures were not given. The fact that she was allowed to own land and property inspired her love of building and architecture.
Hatshepsut was a Pharaoh as well as a mother and a lover of construction and design. During her reign she commissioned many construction developments throughout "Upper and Lower Egypt". She hired an architect; Ineni who had previously worked for her father and husband. She had monuments constructed at the temple of Karnak, she restored the original precinct of Mut (Ancient Egyptian Goddess) and had twin obelisks (decorative towers) that were the tallest in the world which are the only ones standing today. She built many structures all over Egypt and was known as the only female Pharaoh to erect the most monuments during her reign.
Hatshepsut went missing after 15 years of ruling, her disappearance remains a mystery even after all these years. Her tomb and mummy have never been found. After she vanished her stepson, Thutmose III took the throne and oblierated all traces of her however, her temple still stands today.

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Her Legacy: Hatshepsut was most famous for being the first ever female Pharaoh. She was known for her love of construction and architecture. She was the only female Pharaoh to have built the most monuments during her reign as part of the 18th dynasty. Tuthmose II built his wife Hatshepsut a temple; Deir El Bahari but was unable to complete because he passed away before he could. This temple was later finished by the Queen (Hatshepsut) herself. She was also famous because her death was a mystery and details of her death are still unknown.
Hatshepsut- A True Female Pharaoh
Timeline of Hatshepsut's Life:

Map of Hatshepsut's Life:

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Primary Sources:

Source 1 – Statue of Hatshepsut
Stone statue of Queen Pharaoh Hatshepsut from her temple in Luxor Egypt (Constructed approx. 1492-1457BC)

This source reveals Pharaoh Hatshepsut in the attire of a man. You can see in this photograph that she is wealthy and well cared for. She was unique because she wore male accessories to make herself less confronting to her people, in particular the males. Being a female Pharaoh, it was important for Hatshepsut to please her people. She was not whole heartedly accepted by the males and this was the reason behind her transformation.


Something that may puzzle people about this source is that even though Hatshepsut is said to be a woman she is dressed up like a man. There are reasons behind her dressing like a man and some people may have opinions about her actions and her reasons behind doing so. Some views on her dressing like a man include her being weak because she could not rule her people in the form of a woman, or perhaps that she was very brave for taking on the role of Pharaoh and doing what she had to do to please her people. Finally, people may feel sympathetic towards her because she was facing a hard situation in which she had to change the way she dressed because her people were not supportive of her if she didn’t. There are many different perspective of the female pharaoh Hatshepsut and all are very interesting.

Source 2 – Dier El Bahari

The temple at Luxor, Dier El Bahari created by Thutmose III and completed by Hatshepsut after his death.

This source divulges a lot of information about the life and reign of Hatshepsut. The most obvious idea that arises from looking at the image is that Hatshepsut would have had to have been very loved and admired to have a whole temple built in devotion to her. This shows that her husband had a great love for her, and she was admired by her people. It also gives us a slight insight into her hobby and passion of construction and architecture because it is said that she completed the temple herself.

Discussion: When looking at this source a person might think, what is this magnificent building and who had it built. The answer to this question is simple however, some may not believe that a person is worthy of so much love, devotion and admiration and if she is what has she done to deserve it. The temple Dier El Bahari was built in the name of Hatshepsut and was designed especially for her by her husband Thutmose II; she completed the building after he had passed away. People may believe that it is very pompous of her to finish building a temple for herself however; it is important to look past the immediate belief of the truth and try to find a deeper meaning behind her actions. Hatshepsut was a great fan of magnificent architecture and loved designing and constructing buildings of her own, this is probably the reason why she took on the responsibility of completing the unfinished temple. This temple is not only a great example of the many brilliant things she had done in her life but also just one of the countless magnificent buildings she had built.

Source 3- Painting of Hatshepsut

Source 3

Painting of Hatshepsut, located on the walls of her temple in Luxor

This source is a depiction of a short part of the female pharaoh; Hatshepsut’s life. There are many different stories being portrayed in this artwork and one of them is the transportation of her famous obelisks to Karnak. The image reveals to us her love for architecture and construction as seen from the section of the image that shows the transportation of the obelisks. She is most famous for these obelisks because they are the tallest in the world. The image also demonstrates to us the fact that she was the first female pharaoh to both rule Egypt and commission the most building to be built in Egypt.

This image gives people an insight into Hatshepsut’s life and people can develop many thoughts and ideas as to what she was like from it. This particular image shows her religious side as the pharaoh is shown on the right standing next to Monthu one of the main deities (left)who was the god of war. People would have gained respect for her because she worshipped the gods just as her people had and that was an aspect of her that made her equal to her people. This image also gives an insight into her career which she also gained much respect for by her people in particular the women. This is because she was the first female pharaoh and she was also the only female pharaoh to build the most buildings throughout Egypt. Modern day architects also have a great respect for her because she built the tallest obelisks in the world and she was a magnificent designer of buildings. They admire her passion and had work.

Double Puzzle
Unscramble each of the clue words then copy the letters in the numbered cells to other cells with the same number.

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Letter Tiles Unscramble the tiles and place them in order to reveal a message.